Monthly Archives: February 2015

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 9

    Q. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
    A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.

    Q. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
    A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.

    Q. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
    A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God, are under his wrath and curse, and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.

    Exposition
    Few words better capture the sad state of humanity apart … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 8

    Q. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
    A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created was their eating the forbidden fruit.
    Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?
    A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity; all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression.

    Exposition – Having offered a definition of sin, the catechism here offers to us the way in which we became sinners. Simply put, we became sinners because of our relationship to our “first parents,” Adam and Eve. This is worth noting. It is not as though we were born innocent and then committed a transgression plunging … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 7

    Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?
    A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.

    Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?
    A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.

    Q. 14. What is sin?
    A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God.

    Exposition – In God’s good providence he entered into covenant with human beings after he created us. That covenant is … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 6

    Q. 11. What are God’s works of providence?

    A. God’s works of providence are his most holy, wise and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions.

    Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?

    A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.

    Exposition – Not only does God execute his decrees in and through creation, he also executes them in his works of providence. Providence is a distinctly theological word, one once well-known enough to name a capital of a state, but which has almost completely dropped out of contemporary vernacular.

    Through providence God makes sure that everything (notice … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism – Week 5

    Q. 9. What is the work of creation?

    A. The work of creation is God’s making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good.

    Q. 10. How did God create man?

    A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.

    Questions

    Last week (Q/A 8) we learned that the way in which God’s decrees become a reality is through his works of creation and providence. Both of those are then singled out for more discussion. Q.9 obviously has in mind Genesis 1 and the original creation that came forth out of nothing (creation ex nihilo if you want people to really be impressed), was a response to God’s powerful word—let there be…and there was­—and took place over the span of six … Read More »