Monthly Archives: March 2015

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 13

    Q. 25. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?
    A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God; and in making continual intercession for us.

    Q. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
    A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.

    Exposition

    Here the triad of Christ’s offices is rounded out with reflection on his offices of priest and king. As a priest he is not only the one who makes the offering for us but he is also the offering itself. He is a sacrifice for us to appease divine wrath and “satisfy divine justice.” The … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 12

    Q. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our redeemer?
    A. Christ, as our redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.

    Q. 24. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
    A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.

    Exposition – Having introduced Christ as the only redeemer of God’s elect, he and his work for us are further described here. Here he is described in the classic Old Testament categories of prophet, priest, and king. Every reader of the Old Testament would know about these. The absolutely startling thing, though, is to have all of them wrapped up in one person. They would have understood … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 11

    Q. 21. Who is the redeemer of God’s elect?

    A. The only redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, forever.

    Q. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

    A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without sin.

    Exposition – God decreed to redeem sinners and the agent of our redemption is now specified. These questions and answers tackle the person and nature of Christ and his incarnation. These are some of … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 10

    Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
    A. God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a redeemer.

    Exposition

    At question/answer 20 we are confronted with the gloriously good news of the gospel. Until now we were neck deep in sin and misery. Here we learn of the way God had planned to act for us, the way he acted for us in time, and through whom he acts.

    God’s action in time has always been his plan. He doesn’t react to circumstances, but  works with them and through them because he has planned them. God … Read More »