Monthly Archives: July 2015

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 30

    Q. 76. Which is the ninth commandment?
    A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

    Q. 77. What is required in the ninth commandment?
    A. The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbor’s good name, especially in witness-bearing.

    Q. 78. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
    A. The ninth commandment forbids whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own or our neighbor’s good name.

    Exposition
    Originally the ninth commandment called for truth telling in a court setting. Accusers, accused, and witnesses had an obligation to communicate the facts accurately. By extension the commandment regulates truth telling more broadly. If the previous commandments dealt with sins of the hands and the next one with sins of … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 29

    Q. 73. Which is the eighth commandment?
    A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal.

    Q. 74. What is required in the eighth commandment?
    A. The eighth commandment requires the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others.

    Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
    A. The eighth commandment forbids whatsoever does or may unjustly hinder our own or our neighbor’s wealth or outward estate.

    Last week I brought in the Larger Catechism to help explain and expound the seventh commandment. I’m going to do it again this week. If it feels like I am just cutting and pasting it’s because I am. In all seriousness, though, I find the exposition so helpful and comprehensive that it can’t go without reading. So without further ado:

    Q. 140. Which … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 28

    Q. 70. Which is the seventh commandment?
    A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.

    Q. 71. What is required in the seventh commandment?
    A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbor’s chastity, in heart, speech and behavior.

    Q. 72. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
    A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words and actions.

    While sometimes limited to sexual infidelity of a married person, the seventh commandment actually deals with sexual ethics in general. This can be easily seen in the way the writers of the Larger Catechism tease out the implications of this commandment.

    Q. 139. What are the sins forbidden in the seventh commandment?
    A. The sins forbidden in the seventh commandment, besides the neglect of the duties required, are, adultery, fornication, rape, … Read More »

  • Westminster Shorter Catechism, Week 27

    The Bible begins with the living God creating living things. All things are from him and through him and to him (Rom. 11:36). All of life owes its existence to him. He animates everything. In short, he is the God of life, a God who is alive and who begets living things. Even when the devil tried to thwart his life giving display by introducing death—spiritual and physical—God overcame it through Jesus. In him was life (Jn. 1:4) and that life was like the dawning of a new day shining light to all men and making the darkness of the evil one to pass away (1 Jn. 2:8). In Jesus and by his powerful resurrection to life, God is breathing fresh life into a dark and fallen world (2 Cor. 5:17).

    All of that is behind the two words and six … Read More »