Most religions and religious movements have formal and material principles from which authority is derived and by which doctrines are summarized, respectively. Usually the formal principle is a text(s) while material principles tend to be the summary or central teaching(s) of the religion or the movement. The material principle of the Reformation is sola fide. This, no doubt, was what Luther was getting at when he called justification by faith articulus stantis aut cadentis ecclesiae – the point of belief which determines whether the Church stands or falls. Likewise, G.C. Berkhouwer,
The confession of divine justification touches man’s life at its heart, at the point of its relationship to God. It defines the preaching of the Church, the existence and progress of the life of faith, the root of human security, and man’s perspective for the future.
Sola fide is the … Read More »