The relationship between the church and the state has been a diverse one for a lot of different reasons. Generally speaking there have been four ways the church and the state have related to one another.
Erastinianism is the view that the state has authority over church and controls the church. It began when Erastus suggested that the state should execute the church’s sentence of excommunication and can be seen in some places even today where there are state churches and where the state receives taxes and then gives them to the church or owns the church property and pays the clergy. In the early days of the United States a national church was rejected but states had certain denominations that they supported. For example, the state church of Virginia was the Anglican church but the state church of Massachusetts was … Read More »